Anhui, the hottest Province, vigorously promotes t

2022-08-16
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Anhui: vigorously promote the construction of manufacturing innovation center

Abstract: as the first of the five projects proposed in made in China 2025, the manufacturing innovation center is the core node of the future manufacturing innovation system. At present, China is accelerating the construction of national and provincial manufacturing innovation center system, which is an important opportunity for Anhui manufacturing industry to integrate into the "national team", transform the advantages of science and education into industrial advantages, transform the advantages of human resources into the advantages of talents, and transform the industrial volume into manufacturing quality

manufacturing industry is the main body of the national economy, the foundation of building a country, the instrument of rejuvenating the country, and the foundation of strengthening the country. Building a manufacturing industry with international competitiveness is the only way for China to improve its comprehensive national strength, ensure national security and build a world power. As the first of the five projects proposed in made in China 2025, the manufacturing innovation center is the core node of the future manufacturing innovation system. At present, China is accelerating the construction of national and provincial manufacturing innovation center system, which is an important opportunity for Anhui manufacturing industry to integrate into the "national team", transform the advantages of science and education into industrial advantages, transform the advantages of human resources into the advantages of talents, and transform the industrial volume into manufacturing quality. The research and development supply, transfer and diffusion, and first commercialization of cutting-edge technologies and common key technologies that the manufacturing innovation center focuses on are a complete chain connected by the three dimensions of industry formation. Doing well in the construction of manufacturing innovation center is a realistic choice to build a strong manufacturing province in Anhui

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in recent years, Anhui has been adhering to the principle of taking enterprises as the main body, market orientation, deep integration of industry, University and research, focusing on building a technological innovation system, accelerating the major layout of high-end manufacturing around cutting-edge technologies in key fields and strategic emerging industries, striving to promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional advantageous industries, and focusing on the cultivation of intelligent equipment, new materials Provincial manufacturing innovation centers such as electronic information will promote the upgrading of qualified provincial centers to national centers, and further consolidate the status of a major manufacturing province. In recent years, the top-level policy frameworks for building a strong manufacturing province, such as the implementation plan for the construction of a strong manufacturing province in Anhui Province (year), several policies to support the construction of a strong manufacturing province, have been introduced one after another. From "new products" to "fine products", from enterprises to platforms, from individual combat to collaborative promotion, Anhui's construction of a strong manufacturing province has been promoted in a multi-dimensional, high-density and all-round way. Anhui has increased investment in enterprises and industrial technology centers, promoted the precise docking of industry, University and research, sowed a large number of innovative seeds in enterprises and universities, and built a clear innovation system. Focus on the integration of manufacturing and Internet, industry + base, leading + supporting and other new models of integrated development into the details of enterprise development, laying a solid industrial foundation for the construction of manufacturing innovation centers. Policy coordination, innovation driven and industrial development have gradually become a powerful driving force for the construction of manufacturing innovation centers and a major supporting force for the construction of a strong manufacturing province in Anhui

of course, in the process of upgrading and accelerating the construction of Anhui manufacturing innovation center, there are still some problems in investment mechanism, operation mode and collaborative innovation. On the whole, the center has some practical situations, such as weak self hemopoiesis ability, weak intellectual property operation ability, and weak market-oriented awareness of the operating subjects. To improve the construction level of Anhui manufacturing innovation center, we need to make precise efforts from the following aspects:

first, concentrate advantageous resources and support advantageous industries. In recent years, with the adjustment of industrial structure, a number of strategic emerging industries are booming and growing rapidly, which is expected to become a new engine for the development of Anhui manufacturing industry. Among them, the industries represented by Hefei's intelligent voice, intelligent equipment, new generation electronic information, Wuhu's energy-saving and new energy vehicles, intelligent robots, and Bengbu's new materials have developed rapidly. In the layout of manufacturing innovation centers, we should comprehensively consider the actual situation of industrial development in all regions and cities, and give priority to technical transformation, the first set of major equipment, service-oriented manufacturing and boutique manufacturing. Encourage the industrial development of differentiated layout in local cities and national parks to avoid the waste of resources caused by blind competition

second, innovate the financing mode and enhance the momentum of development. Many manufacturing innovation centers at home and abroad mostly take the form of public-private partnership in financing, and are jointly funded by the government and enterprises. Take the digital manufacturing and Design Innovation Center (dmdii), the British high value manufacturing center (HVM), the national power battery innovation center and the national additive manufacturing innovation center in China as examples. Their investment and financing methods are jointly funded by the government and enterprises. Anhui Province can also adopt this mode when building a manufacturing innovation center, forming an investment mechanism jointly built by the four parties of "provincial and municipal synchronization and school enterprise integration". The provincial finance allocates part of the project construction funds, the municipal government then supports part of the funds, the enterprises in related industries invest a certain amount of funds, and universities and scientific research institutes provide talent, technology and other resources. In this way, we will promote the organic integration of government, industry, University and research and the close integration of people, finance and materials, enlarge the leverage effect of financial funds, and stimulate the development vitality of the center

third, optimize the operation mode and standardize corporate governance. In terms of operation mode, the manufacturing innovation center can be established in the form of "alliance + company". We should rely on universities and scientific research institutes in the province to establish industrial alliances, establish limited companies on the basis of the alliance, and absorb enterprises with strong industrial strength as shareholder units. Set up "three meetings and one layer", standardize the corporate governance structure, establish the authorization and decentralization mechanism, continue to focus on the basic material mechanism operation completely according to the market, and allow enterprises to make independent decisions. In terms of project implementation, the project manager responsibility system is implemented to specifically achieve the project objectives. The member units of the company should be as diverse as possible, including governments, enterprises, universities and scientific research institutes, as well as non-governmental organizations such as industry associations, so as to build a manufacturing innovation center with the help of various forces

fourth, strengthen the service function and enhance the hematopoietic capacity. Whether the manufacturing innovation center can be profitable is related to its sustainable development. The center should be encouraged to rely on its own strength, such as film base and photographic film; Actively undertake government basic research projects, focus on R & D advantages, and make major breakthroughs in key areas; Increase collaboration among shareholders, conduct market-oriented applied technology research, and strengthen the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and brokerage services of the center; Accept the entrustment of enterprises to provide comprehensive technical services such as technology research and development, testing and certification. Encourage socialized institutions to participate in the operation and management of intellectual property rights of the center, and realize mutual benefit and win-win with the center by collecting the technological needs of enterprises, screening new technologies and processes, cooperating in technology research and development, increasing technology licensing and technology transfer services, and carrying out talent training services such as technology brokers

fifth, we should pay attention to coordinated development and build a benign ecosystem. Small and medium-sized enterprises have a high degree of participation in the innovation ecosystem and are the main body of the manufacturing innovation center. It is necessary to build a benign development framework of "central technology creation, purchase and transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises", on the one hand, provide sufficient customers and cash flow for the continuous research and development of the center, and on the other hand, solve the practical difficulties that small and medium-sized enterprises can't bear the large investment, high risk and long cycle of technological innovation. At the policy level, increase the cost subsidies for small and medium-sized enterprises to purchase the technology of the center, and provide premium subsidies for small and medium-sized enterprises to participate in the research and development of the center, so as to reduce the cost of small and medium-sized enterprises

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