Development trend of packaging requirements in the

2022-09-21
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Development trend of packaging requirements in developed countries

packaging can be divided into transportation packaging and sales packaging according to its different roles in the circulation process. Transportation packaging is to protect goods and prevent goods from being damaged and rotten. In addition to protecting goods, sales packaging also has the function of promotion. However, from the perspective of the packaging requirements of developed countries in recent years, in addition to the above-mentioned basic functions, packaging has also appeared some new features and development trends, mainly in the following three aspects:

first, people-oriented

the packaging concept of people-oriented in developed countries is increasingly reflected in the packaging terms, This can be seen from the following two aspects: first, the factor of "impact on human health" plays an increasingly important role in packaging materials and packaging design. Developed countries have higher and higher requirements for the selection of packaging materials and their chemical components for food and agricultural products. They not only require the packaging to meet the requirements of impact resistance, non-toxic, reducing machine failure, avoiding light, preventing leakage, and extending transportation, but also require that the packaging can keep the packaging fresh and quality, and will not have a chemical impact on food and agricultural products themselves. For some products that may cause harm to human body, some developed countries require them to give full prompts on the packaging design. For example, the European Parliament has passed a decree stipulating that before September 2003, at least 30% of the front area of each cigarette pack shall be covered with a general warning and at least 40% of the back area shall be covered with a special warning. The general warning includes two alternate messages - "smoking is harmful" and "smoking seriously damages the health of you and the people around you, especially when you buy meat and aquatic products." The special warning of rotation must be selected from 14 messages, including "smoking may lead to chronic and painful death", "smoking may damage sperm and reduce fertility", etc. The warning must be printed in the official language of the member state where the cigarettes are sold. If a country has more than one official language, the health warning must be able to accommodate more words

secondly, the "humanization" color is becoming stronger and stronger both in the requirements of sales packaging and in the legislation of transportation packaging. For example, developed countries advocate designing packaging products according to family conditions and social characteristics. German society is aging, so it is necessary to design easy to open and easy to identify packages for the elderly. American parents encourage their children to try all kinds of new things, so the packaging of lighters exported to the United States should be specially designed with a secret lock to prevent children from being accidentally burned when playing with lighters. The Australian trade union stipulates that workers have the right to refuse to require them to handle goods exceeding 25 kg by hand. An export enterprise in China was rejected by the warehouse workers of the importer when the goods arrived at the other company for delivery due to insufficient understanding of this provision. If this happened in China, it might be "under the heavy reward, there must be brave men" and find other migrant workers to carry it. However, in Australia, it is even more difficult to find workers to carry what he calls "dehumanized packaging items", because the insurance company in the country does not compensate for industrial injuries caused by the handling of heavy loads. Therefore, in the end, our company can only hire new workers to unpack and repack the packaging, and the increased packaging costs and late delivery fines have caused heavy losses to our company. Therefore, in order to avoid similar losses and disputes, we must pay full attention to the "people-oriented" packaging concept and legislation in developed countries, and be careful in the selection and formulation of packaging materials and packaging specifications

II. ". green" packaging

with the development of industry, people have become more and more aware of the importance of environmental protection. Reflecting the "4r+ 1D `" principle, that is, low consumption, recyclable, reusable, recycled and degradable "green" packaging will undoubtedly become the mainstream of international packaging. This can be seen from the packaging legislation of developed countries and the recently popular environmental labels

as early as 1988, 21 states in the United States issued a total of 2332 decrees to restrict and prohibit the use of certain plastic packaging products. The Italian government banned the use of non biodegradable plastic grocery bags in its territory in 1991. The European Union issued regulations on packaging and packaging waste in 1992. From January 1, 2000, all packaging materials that cannot be reused or degraded and recycled will be removed from its market. In October, 1996, Germany promulgated and implemented the circular economy law according to the polluter's burden principle, and imposed environmental protection taxes on those who use non degradable plastic packaging. Denmark prohibits the use of disposable beer and beverage containers and the import of beer and beverage packaged in such containers

these requirements are an embodiment of the "greening" of packaging in developed countries, and the emergence of environmental signs is a typical representative of this trend. The so-called environmental mark is a kind of graphic mark printed or pasted on products or packages, which means that the product not only meets the quality standard, but also meets the environmental protection requirements in the process of production, use, consumption and treatment, which is not harmful to the ecological environment and human health, and is conducive to the recycling of renewable resources. Environmental signs are also known as "green" signs or ecological signs. More and more consumers welcome and buy products with "environmental signs", which shows that "green packaging" will become the theme of the global packaging industry in the new century, and will also become one of the remarkable features of the development of the packaging industry in developed countries

Third, "barrier" effect

in developed countries, another development trend of packaging requirements is that it will be used as a "barrier" to restrict commodity imports. Today, with the increasingly fierce competition for type selection based on the nature of goods that their companies need to experiment with, some countries have found that using commodity packaging and labeling standards, regulations to set up technical barriers, increase cost difficulty and technical burden, which is more hidden and sometimes more effective than directly restricting commodity imports

for example, the United States is a big standard country, which has formulated more than 50000 standards, including technical regulations and government procurement rules; There are also more than 40000 standards formulated by private standards institutions, professional societies, industry associations, etc., which do not include some established industry standards. In addition to requiring importers to meet HAC (`. P, is09 ((L) (L) series standards, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also adds new regulations from time to time, such as requiring that most foods must be marked with the content of at least 14 nutrients. Only the U.S. manufacturers, which are in the leading position in this field, will spend an additional $1.05 billion a year for this purpose. Therefore, we can imagine the cost pressure of exporters in other backward countries, Especially for countries that have no conditions to analyze food ingredients, there is no doubt that this is a ban on import measures

source: food packaging

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