The hottest made in China Digital exam

2022-09-21
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"Made in China" digital examination

for the frequent use of compatibilizers, reference can be made to the

digitization used by ABS and PBT can help China's manufacturing industry improve efficiency and efficiency

recently, the printed edition of the British economist magazine published an article entitled "low digitalization leads to poor enterprise efficiency", which said that although China's Internet market appears to be very prosperous, However, the digitalization and networking of Chinese enterprises are still low, which restricts the improvement of production efficiency. The argument of this article comes from the latest report released by MGI think tank founded by McKinsey consulting. The report found that only one fifth of Chinese enterprises use cloud computing data storage and processing technology, while the proportion in the United States is as high as three fifths. Chinese enterprises invest only 2% of their revenue in it, only half of the global average. Although the conclusion of this article cannot be put on the head of every Chinese enterprise, it can at least explain that the overall level of information construction of Chinese enterprises is still far behind that of the United States and other developed countries, which leads to low operation efficiency of enterprises. In the fierce market competition, the low operating efficiency of enterprises means that they lose their competitiveness and will eventually be eliminated

nowadays, whether it is the national strategic plan for advanced manufacturing developed by the United States, the industrial 4.0 strategy launched by Germany, or the manufacturing competition strategy released by Japan, the core is to achieve a high degree of digital development of manufacturing. The fate of enterprises is related to the development of the industry, so the improvement of enterprise informatization strength will be the focus of the future big country manufacturing game

crisis highlights

many people will think that the use of information technology in production and operation management is not a new thing. They will use the enterprise ERP, the application of financial software, the deployment of supply chain, the use of rotating metal wheels to drive abrasive materials such as mineral sand, sandstone, sand and sand mixed with water to carry out wear experiment information system on alloy materials, and use CAD software in production to prove it

indeed, these IT products and technologies have been widely used, but they are only shallow means of information application. In the face of today's fierce global market competition, it is far from enough, especially at a time when the market environment has become increasingly harsh

customers have higher and higher requirements for personalized products. For example, in the automotive industry, the car versions available to customers are becoming more and more diverse. The same is true in other fields, such as personalized medicine and so on. At the same time, the market speed of products is becoming faster and faster. Only through modern information technology can enterprises meet these needs of customers. Wolfgang Heling, head of the research and technology center of Siemens Central Research Institute, said that in the future market, only those enterprises that respond quickly and flexibly can survive. To achieve this, we must fully realize digitalization. Siemens is one of the most important technology providers of German industry 4.0 strategy, so it has a voice

it can be said that on the one hand, the market has become more demanding on enterprises. On the other hand, as a tool for enterprise informatization, information technology is also developing by leaps and bounds. New technologies such as big data, cloud computing, mobile Internet and IOT are emerging in an endless stream, which has brought a subversive and revolutionary impact on the production mode and development mode of manufacturing industry. How to effectively apply these technologies is related to whether enterprises can survive in this round of data tide

for example, in the application of Internet technology, MGI concluded that Chinese enterprises did not enjoy many benefits brought by Internet in marketing, supply chain management and collaborative research. Although millions of Chinese enterprises have sold goods on Taobao, there are still a large number of companies that are still overly dependent on offline channels. Only 20% to 25% of small enterprises in China have tapped the potential of Internet, far lower than 75% in the United States. Therefore, it is not difficult to understand why the labor productivity of China's local small enterprises is only two-thirds of the national average. In contrast, the proportion of Britain and Brazil reached 90% and 95% respectively. MGI reports

in terms of big data application, the latest report of the Telecommunications Research Institute of the Ministry of industry and information technology also points out that at present, for most enterprises, especially those in traditional fields, no effective application mode has been found, and at present, it is mainly focused on the interconnected marketing scenario. Big data is still dominated by primary applications, and most applications still use traditional analysis processes and tools, only expanding the source and quantity of data

in fact, for enterprises in the manufacturing field, the status of industrial big data will become increasingly prominent, because enterprises continue to produce massive amounts of data in the manufacturing process. Enterprises can optimize products and production processes by using these big data. For example, through big data analysis, the maintenance cycle of industrial blast furnace and other equipment can be analyzed, and the best time point of the next maintenance can be predicted in advance, so as to prolong the service life of the equipment and reduce the occurrence of sudden shutdown and other accidents

multiple entanglements

the trend of enterprise digital development is unstoppable. Chinese enterprises are also more or less aware of the value of information technology and believe that the most advanced and cutting-edge information technology is the ticket to board Noah's Ark in the digital wave. However, why do many enterprises still not apply these tools

using these tools requires too much money. Cost is the primary consideration of enterprises, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises. When they face the asking price of technology providers, they will indeed consider the income output ratio. In fact, when the international financial crisis spread to the real economy in 2008, some small and medium-sized enterprises were interviewed. Many enterprises realized that information technology was an important means for enterprises to deal with the crisis, and improving the level of enterprise informatization was crucial to the healthy development of enterprises. However, few enterprises have actually taken action. Although there are many reasons, the most important reason is that many small and medium-sized enterprises believe that informatization is still a cost center, which is a matter of spending money. They are worried that once invested, the output effect may not be considerable

Scientists are preparing to use the world's first machine for clearing the largest marine plastic waste dump on earth

to promote the development of informatization in small and medium-sized enterprises. The key is to make informatization become a profit center, not a cost center. Wang Haibo, chairman of China treasury, said. In his view, only by letting enterprises taste the sweetness and gain profits from informatization can they improve the enthusiasm of enterprises to apply information technology, so as to form a benign development. Therefore, on the one hand, the government creates a healthy and good industrial development environment through policy leverage and building an exchange platform; On the other hand, it is also more important to give play to the main role of enterprises, especially the intermediary role of various information service providers

in addition to the cost, the shortage of talents also makes enterprises helpless in the face of the most cutting-edge information technology. Liu Zheng, general manager of SAS software research and development company, told that data analysis is the core of big data application. Without data analysis, there is no extraction of data value. With the emergence of big data, unstructured data analysis needs new algorithms. Designing new algorithms requires compound talents. At present, there is a great shortage of talents in this field. For example, data analysis in the automotive industry requires not only computer, statistics, mathematics and other knowledge, but also rich knowledge and experience in the automotive industry. Only by modeling through these knowledge and experience can we develop appropriate analysis methods and find the value of the data. Liu Zheng emphasized. Xu Ming, technical director of NEC China Research Institute, also said that applying the interface of data analysis to various industries to create value requires experts in data analysis. Data analysis experts include two aspects: on the one hand, they do data analysis; on the other hand, they are industry experts who are proficient in the process and nature of the industry. Only the combination of these two aspects can truly create value

finally, the most important point is that at present, there is no common language for the application of information technology when it is integrated with manufacturing technology. In other words, there is no unified standard, which makes enterprises feel entangled in the face of highly digital development and unable to transform the most cutting-edge technology into productivity

standards first

the guiding opinions on accelerating the development of producer services and promoting the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure issued by the State Council recently clearly pointed out to accelerate the integration of manufacturing and information technology services. At present, the Ministry of industry and information technology, which takes informatization and industrialization as the foundation of the Ministry, has also issued a number of policies, such as the special action plan for the deep integration of informatization and industrialization (2013-2018), which puts forward specific goals for enterprise informatization construction in 2018, and actively promotes enterprise informatization construction from multiple dimensions through the deployment of national industrial cloud Innovation Service Pilots. The national development and Reform Commission will also introduce major industrial policies in key areas such as cloud computing, IOT and e-commerce. It can be said that the policy environment for the digital development of Chinese enterprises is continuously optimized

recently, China Internet and Industrial Integration Innovation Alliance came into being. Yang Xueshan, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said at the inaugural meeting that there is no common language between the Internet and industry, so finding a common language is the direction of the alliance and enterprises. It is understood that the vision of German industry 4.0 is to make equipment talk to equipment and products communicate with production equipment. An important prerequisite for achieving this vision is to adopt unified data standards. Data standardization is the biggest challenge posed by industry 4.0, and the difficulty even goes beyond the process and work organization. At present, all parties are stepping up research and development of these standards. It can be seen that the development of standards is an issue of great concern in the field of integration of informatization and industrialization in China, and enterprises, as the main body, should do it themselves

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