The hottest made in China urgently needs to recons

2022-09-22
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Made in China urgently needs to restructure the innovation system

Guide: the Ministry of industry and information technology is working with relevant departments to prepare the "made in China 2025" plan. Under the squeeze of developed countries' momentum and emerging economies' catch-up competition, the big but not strong made in China is trying to break the situation

how many aircraft models do we have to build to replace a foreign aircraft? Premier Li Keqiang's words at this year's meeting of academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of sciences have plunged academicians into deep thinking

as an American scholar said: China's manufacturing industry may encounter difficulties experienced by the United States in the past 20 years in the next 20 years, and it will soon be China's turn to worry. When developed countries are poised to dominate, and emerging economies catch up with aviation engineering with about 60% - 80% of the fractures, due to the two ends of the competition caused by the fatigue failure of structural materials, where should the big but not strong made in China go

lack of independent innovation is the biggest weakness

World Bank data show that in 2012, the added value of China's manufacturing industry was $2.08 trillion, surpassing the United States to become a global manufacturing power

China is a manufacturing power, but it is not a manufacturing power. Liu Baicheng, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said frankly in an interview with China Science Daily recently that the overall quality and competitiveness of China's manufacturing industry are still far behind those of industrialized countries, and most industries are still at the middle and low end of the value chain

the lack of independent innovation ability is a major weakness of China's manufacturing industry. According to the global innovation capability index (GII), China ranks around the 20th in the world

the key problem of insufficient innovation lies in the insufficient accumulation of research on basic problems. Li Peigen, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, recently told China Science Daily that innovation is based on long-term research, which is precisely what China lacks

Liu Baicheng said that there is also a relationship between insufficient innovation and insufficient investment. In 2013, China's R & D investment accounted for 2% of GDP; The industrial developed countries are more than 2.5%, Sweden, Finland and even more than 3%. The functional inspection in the R & D investment and testing process of Chinese enterprises and the evaluation, review and recommendation of the final test pieces account for only 1% to 1.5% of sales, while foreign enterprises with strong innovation ability account for 3% to 5%

although high-speed rail, power transmission, power generation, etc. all show the great innovation ability of China's manufacturing industry, the core technology of some key equipment has not been mastered in their own hands. Liu Baicheng said frankly that there is a large gap between China's manufacturing industry and foreign countries in key core technologies and common technologies

in addition, the long-term reliance on human resources and resources has led to excessive consumption of resources and serious pollution in China's manufacturing industry. Liu Baicheng added

facing two squeeze and double challenges

the competition in the manufacturing industry of various countries is not a race between the tortoise and the hare. We are catching up, and others are not sleeping

since the financial crisis, the strategic significance of the real economy has been highlighted again. The United States, Germany and other major developed countries in the world have implemented the Reindustrialization strategy with revitalization of the manufacturing industry as the core, cultivating and developing high-end manufacturing industry, in order to seize a new round of technological commanding heights

the United States has introduced a series of measures to gather resources from the federal government, academia and business to ensure that the next manufacturing revolution takes place in the United States. Hu Shixin, vice president of the University of Michigan, said that the manufacturing innovation research system being built in the United States is a concentrated embodiment of this initiative

the United States released the national manufacturing innovation network: preliminary design in January 2013, proposing to build a national manufacturing innovation network (NNMI), and plans to build 15 manufacturing innovation institutes (IMI) in priority areas such as manufacturing processes, advanced materials and their processing processes, high-performance technologies and their platforms, and specific applications. So far, the United States has established four manufacturing innovation institutes. For example, the additive manufacturing innovation research institute is jointly established by 85 enterprises, 13 research universities, 9 community colleges and 18 non-profit institutions

the United States hopes to revitalize its manufacturing industry and trigger changes in manufacturing technology through the construction of the national manufacturing innovation network and 15 manufacturing innovation research institutes. This is a great challenge for us. Liu Baicheng said

at the same time, developing countries such as India have become a new position for the transfer of manufacturing industry due to lower human and resource costs, which makes the development of China's manufacturing industry face the squeeze and double challenges of developed countries' momentum and emerging economies' catch-up competition

haydale and a comprehensive team management of the Engineering School of Cardiff University in the UK establish a reasonable innovation system is the key

so, how should China deal with the severe challenges

first of all, we should establish a reasonable innovation system. Liu Baicheng pointed out that our current scientific research is to sow sesame seeds, and the research is very scattered, mostly low-level repetition

in this regard, he believes that we can learn from the practice of the United States in building a manufacturing innovation network at the national level, coordinate and unify the competent departments and funding institutions, avoid the division and barriers between departments, as well as the dispersion and duplication of funding, fully accumulate and integrate the strengths and scientific and technological resources of colleges and universities, scientific research institutions and enterprises, and jointly tackle key problems for clear R & D goals

only by strengthening the research on industrial generic technology can we provide inexhaustible technical support for core technology and product research and development. Liu Baicheng said

when a product is made, it does not mean that it is done. According to statistics, the direct quality loss of China's manufacturing industry exceeds 200billion yuan every year, and product quality problems are prominent. Basic materials, basic parts, basic manufacturing process and technical basis, which determine the quality of products to a great extent, are the basis for improving quality, and should be paid great attention to. Li Peigen said that to build a manufacturing power, we must strengthen the manufacturing foundation

recognizing this, the Ministry of industry and information technology recently commissioned the Chinese Academy of engineering to launch a strategic research and consultation project on strengthening basic industrial warfare and truly restoring tunnel traffic scenes

in January last year, the Chinese Academy of Engineering launched the strategic research and consulting project of manufacturing power, which was personally led by Zhou Ji, President of the Chinese Academy of engineering, and organized more than 50 academicians and more than 100 experts to carry out research. At the beginning of this year, it proposed guidelines and priority actions to enter the ranks of manufacturing power in 2025. At the same time, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of science and technology and the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission are jointly preparing the "made in China 2025" plan, which is expected to be issued in the middle of next year, drawing a clear road map for building China into a modern industrial power

by 2025, China's manufacturing industry will become a manufacturing power; By 2035, China's manufacturing industry will become a real manufacturing power. Liu Baicheng expressed confidence in this

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