The hottest made in China looks forward to another

2022-09-22
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"Made in China" is looking forward to another style

in recent months, "made in China" has received unprecedented criticism in the global market because of product quality and safety problems. Whether or not China believes that this is the demonization of Chinese goods, Chinese goods will face a more severe international market environment in the future

the "trouble" of China's manufacturing industry not only comes from the international market, but also from the domestic market and a series of practical adjustments of plastic wood products that can be used to replace wood products in some occasions, which also makes China's manufacturing industry face new challenges. According to reports, a Hong Kong businessman engaged in textile and clothing production in the Pearl River Delta region said that he had been forced to eat "eight steamed buns" in recent years, which were: shortage of migrant workers, shortage of electricity, increase in the minimum wage, quota restrictions caused by trade friction, rise in raw materials, appreciation of the RMB, rise in local prices, as well as the latest reduction of export tax rebate policy and adjustment of processing trade policy

"eight steamed buns" shows that a huge change is taking place, and the market and policy environment faced by China's manufacturing industry has changed comprehensively. On the one hand, we certainly need to seek justice for "made in China"; On the other hand, where will Chinese manufacturing enterprises go in the future? This problem has been very realistic in front of enterprises

the author believes that the answer is also very simple. The main adjustment has two directions: first, transfer to places with lower costs, such as central and Western China or other countries and regions with lower costs; The second is to realize industrial upgrading, improve the quality, grade, technical content and private brand of products, so as to improve the price of products and improve the position of "made in China" in the global value chain

the first option is still the low-cost way. At present, some low-end manufacturing enterprises in the Pearl River Delta have begun to move their factories to lower cost areas in southern China, and some foreign-funded manufacturers intend to move their factories to lower cost countries such as Vietnam. Take the textile industry as an example. Vietnam will abolish quota restrictions next year, and the wages of Vietnamese workers will not exceed half of those in mainland China, which will be attractive. It is worth noting that foreign investors are not interested in transferring production capacity to Western China, because the logistics cost is too high and the industrial supporting conditions are not good, and most customers are unwilling to set up offices in Western China

the second way may be more important for the manufacturing industry in China, because it is the way to fundamentally solve the problem. Cheap made in China is an important way for China to participate in globalization. Cheap Chinese products have been flowing to markets all over the world for many years, and into the lives of ordinary consumers in all countries and regions around the world, so that they can enjoy lower prices through globalization. But in this globalized value chain, China is at the lowest end of the industrial chain. Now, the problems faced by "made in China" will force enterprises to make difficult adjustments and strive to change their low-end position in the value chain

however, one of the results of industrial upgrading is the rise in the price of goods made in China. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce of China, from January to May this year, the export prices of China's exports of automobiles, steel and television sets rose sharply, reaching 31.1%, 18.7% and 96.4% respectively; The prices of finished oil, cotton yarn, plastic products and other products have increased. Judging from the sharp increase in China's exports this year, the international market did not immediately react violently to the price rise of Chinese products. In addition, the industrial supporting environment, skilled labor force and logistics conditions that China has formed for a long time have formed the comprehensive competitive advantage of "made in China", which is difficult to change in the short term

therefore, the final solution to the problem is still to 1. Cut the 200 (2) 50mm section from the inspected metal wire rod, relying on technology improvement, product innovation and management upgrading, and the result is to improve the current position of made in China in the global value chain. The author notes that in the traditional "made in China" field, some powerful foreign capital has been making efforts to upgrade the industry. For example, Guangdong Yida company, which is engaged in the production of textiles and clothing, has put into operation a new shuttle dyeing and finishing plant with an investment of US $150million in October 2006. The new plant has introduced the world's most advanced production equipment from abroad, while taking into account energy conservation and environmental protection, saving 42% water and 6% energy compared with traditional factories

in addition, investing in technology and increasing R & D are becoming more and more common among many local manufacturing enterprises in China. The OECD survey also found that since 1995, China's overall R & D expenditure has increased at an alarming rate of 19% per year, reaching $30billion in 2005, ranking sixth in the world; The number of patent applications in China doubled every two years

to get rid of the situation of low-end manufacturing and low-cost and low profit, China's manufacturing industry has only one way to upgrade. China has a good manufacturing supporting environment, that is to say, the impulse of Chinese manufacturing enterprises to upgrade their industries is increasing, and there is no lack of cheap technological innovation talents. As long as policy guidance is given, the upgrading prospect of China's manufacturing industry is optimistic. In the manufacturing field with high technology and capital threshold, made in China will show another style

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